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It is undeniable that increasing numbers of people nowadays are utilizing their mobile devices for their daily routines, such as chatting with friends, shopping online, entertainment, education, etc. As a result, creating a mobile application has become a need for all businesses, regardless of size. It is difficult to imagine any business ignoring this trend. However, those who have little base in IT knowledge, could find it challenging to select an appropriate programming language for their apps. Meanwhile, applying the suitable programming languages and frameworks in software development can bring remarkable benefits such as more reliable and effective software, faster software deployment, the elimination of bugs, and reduced debugging time and effort, all of which increase a company's competitive advantage. So, to help all businesses launch the best apps, let’s explore this article in depth to understand about Mobile App Programming Language!

1. What Is Programming Language?

A programming language is a computer language used by IT developers to develop software, web,... Such languages can provide machine code outputs that are utilized to implement algorithms in system, software, and application development from strings and graphic elements. A programming language often consists of two components – syntax and semantics. Although many languages share similarities, each has its own syntax. After being familiar with the language's syntax, rules, and organization, a programmer writes the source code in a text editor or IDE. The coder then converts the code into computer-understandable machine language.

Some most widely used programming languages these days are JavaScript, HTML / CSS, Python, C/C++, SQL, and Java. These languages are preferred as they enable simplified, user-friendly, adaptable, and easy-to-read code. Additionally, it can perform numerous tasks while being simple to scale up, safe, and bug-free.

2. Top Mobile App Programming Language For iOS

a. Swift

Swift is a multi-paradigm, general-purpose, open-source programming language created by Apple in 2014 specifically for iOS development. The reasons why Swift is preferred in many iOS development projects are mainly due to its ability to improve system readability, speed, and performance. Furthermore, the Swift programming language can reduce development errors while ensuring a reliable and trendy mobile application.

Swift is an open-source programming language for iOS development

Swift is an open-source programming language for iOS development

b. Objective-C

Objective-C is another programming language to write software for OS X and iOS. It’s a superset of the C programming language and provides object-oriented capabilities and a dynamic runtime. Interoperability with C++ and Objective C++, adaptability, and more reliable support for coding Binary Frameworks are some of its advantages. However, some limitations limit its popularity in comparison to Swift. It is not open-source, is difficult to learn, and is a security risk.

c. HTML5

The latest major HTML version - technology used to develop the content and structure of websites - is HyperText Markup Language 5 (HTML5). HTML5 is an excellent choice for quickly developing simple offline iOS apps on a tight budget. HTML5 was supposed to solve all compatibility, security, and speed issues, at least in theory. Apple first pushed iPhone apps into HTML5, and Facebook used HTML5 to build everything.

3. Top Mobile App Programming Language For Android

a. Java

Along with Kotlin, Java offers the best compatibility for apps on Android devices, and many Play Store apps are written in Java. It is an object-oriented, open-source Android Mobile App programming language that greatly improves functionality, scalability, and security. Furthermore, its extensive code libraries provide a wealth of resources for developers who are stuck or want to improve their code. With these libraries, they can quickly find any project-specific information they require without having to sift through forums or social media groups.

b. Kotlin

Kotlin is an Android App Development Programming Language. This language has a lot of features that make coding easier. Kotlin is quite similar to Java and C++, but there are some significant differences. It is much simpler than Java, but it provides first-class support for functional programming, reduces bugs during the coding process, and is easier and less expensive to maintain.

Kotlin is an Android App Development Programming Language

Kotlin is an Android App Development Programming Language

Here are some compelling reasons to use Kotlin to build your app:

  • It's less wordy.
  • It has improved IDE support and works with existing Java libraries.
  • It can be used to create server-side applications.
  • It enables you to create more robust applications.

4. Top Programming Language For Cross-platform Mobile App

a. C/C++

C and C++ (C++ is an extension of C) can be suitable options if you want to write code for games for both iOS and Android. As resource-intensive tasks, such as creating visuals or supporting multiplayer matches are frequently used in gaming, these programming languages can aid in resource optimization by enabling programmers to precisely control how data structures and memory allocation are handled.

        Related: A Complete Guide on Mobile Cross-platform Development

b. React Native

React Native is an open-source and tested cross-platform app development programming language. It is considered one of the best cross-platform programming languages as it allows developers to seamlessly share a single codebase across many platforms. Some well-known apps utilizing React Native are Facebook, Uber Eats, and Airbnb.

c. Golang

This programming language is also known as GO. The designers were inspired by Google to create a programming language that made creating applications quick and simple. The Goland development language is popular with its high performance, efficiency, security, stability, and scalability. Moreover, since speed is the top priority, GO is an extremely quick language.

5. Final Thoughts

To conclude, choosing the best mobile app programming language is no doubt an important factor that determines the success of your project. With the aforementioned basic knowledge, we hope that you can somehow understand the differences and wisely choose the most suitable one to kick start your digital transformation journey!

Leave a message for our specialists right away if you have any further questions about “Which technology to use for mobile app development?” or “How to start mobile app development?”. With 800+ seasoned personnel, SotaTek is a leading Software Development Company that can devotedly support, consult, and launch your project.  Our Mobile App Providers are specialized in various languages, including Kotlin, Objective-C, Java, Golang, HTML5,... Once you join our partnership network, you can rest assured that your final product is well-designed, practical and cross-platform, bringing seamless Mobile Apps experiences for digital users on any device.

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